How to Make a Floral Arrangement

How to Make a Floral Arrangement

Informative Speech Outline

Organization: Topical pattern.

Audience Analysis: The targetable audience is flower lovers. Remarkably, the study aims at educating flower lovers aged between 18 and 35 years on how to design a floral arrangement. Since most flower lovers are women, the study’s findings will advantage female teenagers intrigued by floral arrangements. Therefore, flower lovers can leverage the findings to create floral arrangements to gift their loved ones, namely love partners, family friends, and friends.

Topic: How to make a floral arrangement.

General goals: To inform my audience how to make a floral arrangement

Specific goal: To demonstrate a step-by-step procedure for making a floral arrangement to my audience. 


Would you love to master the art of flower arrangement to help gift a decent flower to your loved ones? Or would you like to be among the fewer people with sophisticated skills in creating incredible floral arrangements? If so, I will guide you on how to make a decent floral arrangement. Floral Arrangement is defined as the decorative Arrangement of flowers per the underlying occasion. Therefore, floral arrangement skills help people design flowers matching the expected occasions from marriage, thanksgiving, burial, engagement, etc., earning the gifted appraises. To effectively equip flower lovers with floral arrangement skills, this study will firstly discuss the floral arrangement concepts, namely floral arrangement styles, designs, and principles. Lastly, the study discloses six floral arrangement steps. Notably, understanding the above floral arrangement concepts likewise induces a better understanding of the six floral arrangement steps.


  1. Floral Arrangement’s Styles.

There are four prominent floral arrangement styles. Bouquets, floral arrangements, floral baskets, and floral wreaths are the four floral arrangement styles (Alka, Kumar, & Nag, 2022). Floral bouquets are straightforward to construct compared to formal flower arrangements (Alka, Kumar, & Nag, 2022). Roses are the most common flower for bouquets, followed by gerbera, carnations, and chrysanthemums. In table centerpieces, standard flowers are arranged-intended for use on banquet tables on holidays such as Thanksgiving, Christmas, etc. (Alka, Kumar, & Nag, 2022). Using memorabilia or traditional décor, you can communicate the event’s concept. The buffet table is ideal for complex vegetables, fruits, and vegetables. Floral baskets arrangement is noticed as flowers are arranged in baskets of varying depths (Alka, Kumar, & Nag, 2022). Often, flowers arranged in floral basket style are exceptionally presented as gifts during the Christmas holidays. The floral Wreath style necessitates the Arrangement of flowers in a circular garland shape. Wreaths are especially popular at funerals as a mark of remembrance for the deceased. In addition, they have frequently employed as welcome wreaths on holidays such as Thanksgiving and Christmas when banquets are hosted.

  1. Floral Arrangement’s principles

Each style of flower arrangement must adhere to the six floral arrangement principles. The six fundamentals principles are:

  • The design principle determines the Arrangement of flowers in the given structural pattern. It is a diagram depicting the floral Arrangement’s dimensions (Agama, 2022). The underlying occasion and materials mainly determinants of underlying floral arrangement design.
  • The balance principle stresses the need to use enough materials. Enough materials enable flower lovers to make a complete floral arrangement structure (Agama, 2022). Form and color are the two most crucial components of a floral arrangement’s balance. In terms of shape, Symmetrical Balance is the most preferred because both sides of the flower arrangement have the same number of components. As far as color is concerned, dark colors are prevalent since they provide the impression of weight. Likewise, choosing lighter hues for the outside and higher areas of flower arrangements is preferable.
  • Scale principle refers to the proportions of the floral Arrangement’s many components. It stresses the relationship between the material used and the flower vessel’s size (Agama, 2022). A large flower vessel creates ample space for floral Arrangement.
  • The rhythm principle guides the viewer’s eye during floral Arrangement. Thus, an individual should arrange flowers in a given rhythm of size or color (Agama, 2022).
  • The emphasis principle requires floral Arrangement to be a focal point. A focal point is created when the foliage and flowers appear to be emerged (Agama, 2022). Consequently, more immense and darker-colored flowers are typically chosen as the Arrangement’s focal point.
  • The harmony principle dictates that flowers used in the floral Arrangement should be appropriate as per the occasion.

iii. Flower Arrangements’ Basic Designs

There are three basic flower arrangement designs. Line, line-mass, and mass arrangements are the three floral designs (Charlie, 2021). The design of a line arrangement is predominately formed when flowers are arranged in a line, with minimal foliage and flowers sitting at the focal point. Often, a lined ornamental wood is used to line up flowers. A few blooms and leaves are required to generate a striking image. Flower enthusiasts frequently use it since it highlights the beauty of the plant material (Charlie, 2021).

In contrast, mass arrangement design depicts an assortment of flowers in a painted China vase. Similarly, it is favored by flower enthusiasts due to its elegance. Finally, Line-mass creations utilize mass to provide a stronger sense of depth as plant materials are arranged in an ordered shape creating a focal point (Charlie, 2021). Since line-mass designs are either asymmetrical or symmetrical balance, they are widely demanded. Compared to the other two floral arrangement designs, line-mass is highly preferred by the majority of flower lovers.

iv. How God is honored when making a floral arrangement.

Majority of religious groups views floral arrangement honorary to God. For instance, Buddhism leverage floral arrangement to honor God as they associate floral arrangement with purity. Hinduism, on the other hand, use floral arrangement during Hindu prayer rituals-puja mainly to honor their gods as it symbolize love. Lastly, Christian honor God via floral arrangement as it symbolize compassion. As a result, most Christian shows God compassionate by presenting a floral arrangement to their love ones. Noticeably, Christians and other religious groups, such as Hinduism has been using floral arrangement for divine purpose since 2800 BCE.

  1. The steps to making a floral arrangement.

There are eight steps of the making of making a floral arrangement. The understanding of floral arrangement concepts highlighted in the above sections I to IV gives a deeper understanding of these eight steps of making a floral arrangement; the eight steps are discussed below.

Step 1: Decide on a flower arrangement design.

As observed, there are three flower arrangements available for selection. Line, line-mass, and mass arrangements are the three floral designs. One must consider their preferences or personality to choose the ideal flower arrangement design. For instance, a person with an elegant personality should use line-mass floral arrangements (Almeida & Ferro, 2022). It consists of various flowers placed in a beautiful China vase, which accommodates the individual’s desire for elegance.

On the other hand, a person desiring a dramatic effect should choose line arrangements and flower design. Flowers are put in a line beside a piece of ornate wood and a few additional flowers and foliage to create a spectacular flower pattern. As an alternative to flower arrangement designs, flower lovers can select their preferred flower arrangement form, including floral bouquets, table centerpieces, floral baskets, and floral wreaths.

Step 2: Material collection

The second step after selecting the preferred flower arrangement design is obtaining the necessary materials. Regardless of the design, floral tape, clippers, wire, foam, paper, cloth, and roses are typical items required for flower arrangement (Almeida & Ferro, 2022). However, the flower vase differs based on the flower pattern chosen. Those who choose line-mass flower arrangements should utilize vases with adorned Chinese paintings. On the other hand, those interested in line arrangements and floral design should use a piece of ornamental wood as the flower vessel. Those interested in line-mass flower design are permitted to use a variety of flower vases, such as China vase portraits, decorative pieces of wood, etc.

Step 3: Flowers preparation

After selecting a recommended flower vessel that corresponds with the chosen flower arrangement design, flower enthusiasts should prepare flowers. To prepare flowers, excess leaves and damaged petals must be removed from stems (Almeida & Ferro, 2022). Second, undesirable buds are removed from the same stem as a complete flower (Almeida & Ferro, 2022). The necessary floral parts are then thoroughly cleaned. The cleaned stem is then sliced diagonally to the bottom of the stems. The diagonally-cut step is then placed in an appropriate vase.

Step 4. The prepared flowers are arranged according to a specific style of floral Arrangement.

The flowers should be placed in a consistent arrangement in an acceptable container containing water and then cut diagonally. The first subtopic describes the four most common flower arrangements: floral bouquets, table centerpieces, floral baskets, and floral wreaths. To embellish a flower arrangement, one must use a base of foliage (Almeida & Ferro, 2022). Examples of typical greenery include eucalyptus, fem, and ivy. For aesthetic purposes, the greenery is organized in various shapes, such as triangular and horizontal.


Step 5: Include focal and filler flowers.

Typically, focal flowers are enormous blooms or those with a unique hue or texture. Include only odd digits for a more natural appearance. To avoid having the focal flowers appear droopy, position them in a sturdy, upright position, so they do not protrude from the Arrangement (Almeida & Ferro, 2022). Finally, filler flowers are added to the area left by diagonally cut primary and focal flowers. Not only is the floral Arrangement created lovely and fragrant, but it also appears robust.

 Step 6: Confirmation

The floral Arrangement opted to be reviewed for possible correction. One should assess adherence to the six flower arrangement principles. The six principles one should adhere to are design, balance, scale, rhythm, and focus, as discussed. Finally, the flower container is refilled with water to maintain the flowers’ hydration and freshness (Almeida & Ferro, 2022).



In conclusion, there are six steps to making a decorated floral arrangement. Choosing a good flower arrangement design, material gathering, flower preparation, arranging prepared flowers in the appropriate design, adding focal and filler flowers, and confirming whether the arrangement principles are abided are the six steps of decorating floral Arrangement. Have you been inspiring to make your loved ones feel special? Have you been inspiring to honor God using artistic gifts? Then, floral arrangement skills might be the answer for your inspiration to make your loved one feel special and honor God.


Agama, P. (2022). Elements and principles of art and design in flower arrangements, in Royal Garden City Kampala District (Doctoral dissertation).

Alka, P., Kumar, P., & Nag, K. (2022). Scientific Cultivation of Tuberose (Polianthes tuberosa). Practices Research155, 91.

Charlie. (2021). Determining Consumer Preferences for Floral Design Elements (Doctoral dissertation, Department of Agricultural Economics, Texas A&M University).

De Almeida Martarello, R., & Ferro, D. (2022). Entrepreneurship and innovation in informal productive enterprises: Development of process innovation in a floral arrangement company. Revista de Empreendedorismo e Gestão de Pequenas Empresas11(1), 7.


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